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I. Areas That Could Be Impacted
CAFO operations have the potential to affect you miles away!Water Contamination
A 2010 publication by the National Association of Local Boards of Health suggests that confined animal feeding operations are a significant threat to our groundwater: "Groundwater can be contaminated by CAFOs through runoff from land application of manure, leaching from manure that has been improperly spread on land, or through leaks or breaks in storage or containment units. The EPA's 2000 National Water Quality Inventory found that 29 states specifically identified animal feeding operations, not just concentrated animal feeding operations, as contributing to water quality impairment" ~ Carrie Hribar, MA, Understanding Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations and Their Impact on Communities, National Association of Local Boards of Health, 2010.
A 2008 article in the Muncie Star-Press reports that 27,000 gallons of hog manure was applied over a weekend near Union City, Indiana. Heavy rains the following Monday washed that manure off the field and into a drainage tile and into the Little Mississinewa River: "A minimum of 10,000 fish have died, and that number could quadruple in the coming days as the Indiana Department of Natural Resources counts dead fish in the Little Mississinewa River after a hog manure spill." ~ Joy Leiker, Fish toll may reach 40,000 from manure spill, The Muncie Star-Press, August 8th, 2008.Property Values
In Iowa, one 1996 study found that proximity to a hog CAFO decreased neighboring property values in the following order: 40% within .5 miles; 30% within 1 mile; 20% within 1.5 miles, and; 10% within 2 miles. ~ William J. Weida, The CAFO: Implications for Rural Economies in the U.S. 1 (Colo. College & GRACE Factory Farm Project 2004) (citing Padgett & Johnson).
Clark County, Illinois established assessment abatements for fifty residential homes around a hog CAFO in the following order: 30% reduction within .5 mile; 25% reduction within .75 mile; 20% reduction within 1 mile; 15% reduction within 1.25 miles; 10% reduction with 1.5 miles. ~ William J. Weida, The Evidence for Property Devaluation Due to the Proximity to CAFOs 6 (Col. College & GRACE Factory Farm Project, Jan. 21, 2002).
- The loss of property values could be even greater in Steuben County due to the value of lake properties, our delicate ecosystem, and our dependence on tourism.Odors & Flies
A 2010 publication by the National Association of Local Boards of Health suggests that odors may be noticeable up to 6 miles away: "Odors from waste are carried away from farm areas on dust and other air particles. Depending on things like weather conditions and farming techniques, CAFO odors can be smelled from as much as 5 or 6 miles away, although 3 miles is a more common distance." This publication also indicates that flies and mosquitoes are a by-product of CAFO operations: "CAFOs and their waste can be breeding grounds for insect vectors. Houseflies, stable flies, and mosquitoes are the most common insects associated with CAFOs. Houseflies breed in manure, while stable and other flies breed in decaying organic material, such as livestock bedding. Mosquitoes breed in standing water, and water on the edges of manure lagoons can cause mosquito infestations to rise." ~ Carrie Hribar, MA, Understanding Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations and Their Impact on Communities, National Association of Local Boards of Health, 2010.
- Please note that the map below only shows distances from the CAFO operation itself not the spreadfields. The spreadfields are
also a significant source of odors and flies.
- Average wind direction and speed for Indiana: 9.6 mph from the Southwest
II. Google Map
III. CAFO & Spread Fields Map
K&D Contract Pork, LLC has revised their manure application sites. This map indicates the changes submitted to IDEM on 7/29/2013. Please note that IDEM does not restrict them to the fields indicated. If their application is approved, .